Roger Chapelain-Midy (Paris, 1904-1992) was a French painter, lithographer, illustrator and set designer. Passionate about the Renaissance, the paintings of Poussin and the seventeenth century, he followed the classical tradition in an era of great contemporary languages. He mainly painted still lifes and landscapes. He received the Carnegie Award in 1938. He made wall decorations for the fourth arrondissement of Paris, for the Chaillot National Theater, for the Institut Agronomique of Paris, as well as decorations for cruise ships. As a decorator and costume designer since 1944, he has worked for Rameau's Les Indes Galantes in 1952 and for Mozart's Magic Flute at the Paris Opera in 1954. The success of his work allowed him to work for the Cologne Opera House. He received the main prize of theater at the San Paolo International Biennial in 1962.