Alberto Ziveri (Rome, 1908 - 1990) was an exponent of the Roman school, who debuted as a realist artist in 1938 at the XXI Venice Biennial and thus opened a new stylistic phase within the Roman school: realism is its "moral". The intense self-portraits, portraits of soldiers, markets, religious processions, timeless waiting in the brothels, embraces were experienced as struggles and fights by the artist. In 1943, he won the third prize for painting at the Fourth Roman Quadrennial with one of his masterpieces, Giuditta and Oloferne. In 1946, at the Galleria di Roma, he held his first solo show with the new productions, which included Danae (1943), Self-portrait (1943), Trombettiere (1946), Predica (1944), Composition (Postribolo) (1945), and Piazza Navona (1941). He also presented a large group of engravings, a technique he has practiced since 1926. In 1952, the publisher Luigi De Luca dedicated a monograph to him, with an essay by Leonardo Sinisgalli. Roberto Longhi called him the greatest living Italian realist.